skip to primary navigationskip to content

A high-resolution optically addressed spatial light modulator based on ZnO nanoparticles

A high-resolution optically addressed spatial light modulator based on ZnO nanoparticles


An optically addressed spatial light modulator (OASLM) can modulate the wavefront of a read light by displaying a phase pattern or a hologram configured by the intensity distribution of a write light. Using ZnO nanoparticles (NPs) as a novel photoconductor, a high-resolution OASLM was fabricated. A ZnO NP suspension was spin-coated on an indium tin oxide (ITO)-coated glass substrate and annealed to form a photosensitive layer. The device was characterized electrically and optically. The device was operated at low driving voltages in the transmission mode. Updatable recording of a diffraction grating up to 825 lp mm−1 with a diffraction efficiency (DE) of 0.05% and binary holograms with pixel sizes from 2 µm down to 0.72 µm were demonstrated using a 405 nm wavelength write laser and a 635 nm wavelength read laser.

The results are published in Light: Science & Applications (LSA), journal from nature publishing group.


Introduction of CPDS

Centre for Photonic Devices and Sensors (CPDS) is in the Photonics area of the Electrical Engineering Division, with a research focus embracing photonic and sensing devices, functional materials and their integration at system level.

We aim to address future societal needs with new system functionalities through invention of novel device architectures based on in-depth understanding of basic material properties.

There is a wide range of activities within the group, including phase-only holography and its applications, high brightness multi-stable colour reflective displays, tunable dielectric materials and devices for radio frequencies, liquid crystal on silicon (LCOS) device development, and novel sensors.

As well as conducting highly focused studies, we also specialise in the development of demonstrators for business exploitation and commercialisation. This is facilitated by multi-disciplinary expertise within the group and by our highly experienced team approach. Some of the outcomes from the group have been successfully transferred to our industrial collaborators for production.